“Our immediate priority must be to prevent further escalation, reduce tensions, and restore calm,” UN Secretary-General António Guterressaid at a meeting of the Committee on the Exercise of the Inalienable Rights of the Palestinian People.
Deadly cycles of violence in the Occupied Palestinian Territory keep accelerating, as the peace process remains stalled.
The outlines of the solution are laid out in @UN resolutions & international law.
What is needed is political will to make the difficult choices for peace. https://t.co/mKJKEsQQlbAntónio Guterresantonioguterres
Against a backdrop of deadly accelerating surges of violence, “sky high” tensions, and a stalled peace process, the Secretary-General said the situation is at its “most combustible in years”.
“The outlines of the solution are clear; they are laid out in UN resolutions, international law, and bilateral agreements,” he said. What is needed is the political will and courage to make the difficult choices for lasting peace to end the occupation and realize the two-State solution.
However, while pursuing these goals, he said “trends on the ground mean time is working against us”.
“The longer we go without meaningful political negotiations, the further these goals slip from the reach,” he said.
With 2022 being the deadliest year since the UN began tracking fatalities in 2005, he said the violence continues in 2023, radiating across the region and beyond. News reports on Wednesday said an Israeli security force operation in Nablus left 10 Palestinians dead and more than 80 injured. Meanwhile, the situation in Jerusalem is becoming ever more fragile.
“The position of the United Nations is clear,” he said. “The status of Jerusalem cannot be altered by unilateral actions.”
Yet, across the occupied West Bank and Gaza, hopelessness is spreading, feeding anger and despair, he said. Attacks persist alongside Israeli settlement expansion in occupied territory.
“Each new settlement is another roadblock on the path to peace,” he said, emphasizing that all settlement activity is illegal under international law, and “it must stop”.
Deeply concerned by Israel’s recent punitive measures against the Palestinian Authority following the UN General Assembly’s resolution seeking an International Court of Justice advisory opinion on the occupation, he said such actions pose grave risks.
“There should be no retaliation with respect to the Palestinian Authority in relation to the International Court of Justice,” he said. “These measures risk further destabilizing the Palestinian Authority at a time when it is already struggling with a dire fiscal crisis that is undermining its ability to provide services to people.”
Drawing attention to efforts to help Palestinians, he urged all donors to honour commitments and ensure sustained support for the “critical mission” of the UN Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East (UNRWA).
Equally critical is easing the movement of goods and people in and out of Gaza, he said, calling for a full lifting of the debilitating closures in line with UN Security Council resolutions.